By BILKE MULENGA
CANCER is a life threatening disease whose prevention is second to none. Different kinds of cancer affect specific body parts and the mouth is no exception.
This is why oral health is one of the cardinal aspects that every person should strive to care for in order to avoid various illnesses.
Oral cancers begin in the mouth. It is among the 10 most common cancers that found in human beings.
According to the latest report by the World Health Organization (WHO) published in 2017, number of deaths related to oral cancer is about 200 per 100 000 population.
The same report revealed that about one person die of oral cancer each day, an average of one death every 42 hours.
Cancer of the mouth or oral cancer may significantly affect any part of the mouth including, lips, gums, tongue, throat, inner lining of the cheeks, roof of the mouth and floor of the mouth among others parts.
This cancer can be life threatening especially if not diagnosed and treated early.
Tobacco and alcohol use are the two major known causes of oral cancer among the people worldwide.
Some symptoms of oral cancer are swellings, thickenings, lumps, crusts or eroded areas on the lips, gums, or other areas inside the mouth.
The Development of velvety white, red, or speckled (white and red) patches in the mouth and unexplained bleeding in the mouth are also symptoms of oral cancer.
Further unexplained numbness, pain or tenderness in the face, mouth or neck could also be other major symptoms of oral cancer.