By DAINESS SIKAMWAYA
ZAMBIA has continued recording a large number of deaths that are due to Non Communicable Diseases (NCDs) as most people are engaging themselves in life-threatening lifestyles such as tobacco use, excessive alcohol consumption, unhealthy diet and lack of exercises among others.
In 2016, it was estimated that NCDs caused 23 percent of all deaths in the country, with nearly one in five people dying prematurely from these conditions a problem that has persisted.
But such deaths can be preventable by enabling health systems to respond more effectively and equitably to the health care needs of people by influencing policies in sectors outside health that could address those major risk factors such as tobacco use, unhealthy diet, physical inactivity, and harmful use of alcohol.
The Government has since committed itself to establish and strengthen multi-sectoral plans and policies and plans for the prevention and control of Non Communicable Diseases among the general populous.
The burden of non-communicable diseases in Zambia is increasing, with significant consequences on morbidity and mortality levels.
According to recent research the most common NCDs in the country include chronic respiratory diseases, diabetes mellitus (type II), cancers, epilepsy, mental illnesses, oral diseases, eye diseases and sickle cell anaemia.
It was further reviewed that 24 percent of men smoke and more than a third of men had hypertension.
In the recent past several people have had suffered attacks from some of the non-communicable diseases while at their work places.
With the change of life style and the adoption of bad eating habits a large number of people in society have been affected with diseases like hypertension, diabetic and many others.
The ministry of health is now clear that occupational health and safety should be key at all work places to increase awareness on negative impact of that come as a result of some lifestyles of the people.